Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
February 22, 2022
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Through Science to Justice - Part 2/3
Changes:

June 7, 2022 - This comic originally stated that the words "transvestite" and "transsexual" are today considered to be outdated and offensive. Numerous readers pointed out that this is not universally true, so the paragraph has been modified.


References:

Aderet, Ofer. “Recalling the First Sex Change Operation in History: A German-Israeli Insurance Salesman.” Haaretz. Haaretz, December 5, 2015. Accessed July 25, 2021.

Ballard, Finn. “On This Day | 6 May 1933: Dorchen Richter killed in Hirschfeld Institute attack.” Berlin Guides Association (blog), May 6, 2021. Accessed July 25, 2021.

Bauer, Heike. The Hirschfeld Archives: Violence, Death, and Modern Queer Culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2017.

Beachy, Robert. “Between World Wars, Gay Culture Flourished in Berlin.” By Terry Gross. NPR. NPR, December 17, 2014. Accessed July 25, 2021.

BBC. “Germany adopts intersex identity into law.” BBC News. January 1, 2019. Accessed October 30, 2021.

Broich, John. “How the Nazis destroyed the first gay rights movement.” AP News. The Associated Press, July 4, 2017. Accessed July 25, 2021.

Dose, Ralf. Magnus Hirschfeld: The Origins of the Gay Liberation Movement. Translated by Edward H. Willis. New York: Monthly Review Press, 2014.

Frost, Natasha. “The Early 20th-Century ID Cards That Kept Trans People Safe From Harassment.” Atlas Obscura. Atlas Obscura, November 2, 2017. Accessed July 25, 2021.

Lamb, Bill. “Biography of Lili Elbe, Pioneering Transgender Woman.” ThoughtCo. Dotdash, November 22, 2020. Accessed July 25, 2021.

LeVay, Simon. Queer Science: The Use and Abuse of Research into Homosexuality. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1996.

Moeller, Robert G. “The Regulation of Male Homosexuality in Postwar East and West Germany: An Introduction.” Feminist Studies 36, no. 3 (2010): 521-527.

Moulson, Geir. “Germany to compensate gay men investigated after WWII.” AP News. The Associated Press, March 13, 2019. Accessed May 5, 2021.

Schillace, Brandy. “The Forgotten History of the World's First Trans Clinic.” Scientific American. Scientific American, May 10, 2021. Accessed July 19, 2021.

Steakley, James D. “Cinema and Censorship in the Weimar Republic: The Case of Anders als Die Andern.” Film History 11, no. 2 (1999): 181-203.

Stryker, Susan. Transgender History: The Roots of Today's Revolution. New York: Seal Press, 2017.

TGEU. “TGEU welcomes decision by German Constitutional Court: other countries ought to ban sterilization requirement as not constitutional.” TGEU. January 28, 2011. Accessed October 30, 2021.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Book Burning.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. Accessed October 29, 2021.